How to Prune a Rose Bush. How well a rose flower bush grows and how attractive it looks depends a great deal on the pruning techniques used. Proper pruning of a rose bush speeds up the budding and growth of new flowers.
When you prune a rose bush well, you get rid of dead growth and also free up the rose flowers to grow to their natural shape and size. Air and light can flow more freely and penetrate every aspect of the bush making it healthier and stronger.
The approach to pruning that you take largely depends on the type of rose flower you have planted. Different rose plants will require pruning at different times and seasons. The majority of rose bushes are best pruned during the spring season. There are certain types of roses that bloom on new growth and these can be pruned in the early part of the spring. For rose bushes that bloom on old growth, you must wait first until the rose blooms before you start to do the pruning.
As you start to prune, you must determine the best place to start cutting the bush. Getting rid of dead stalks is relatively easy and straightforward as you can visually see from which point the stalk is dying and then cut it accordingly. But it is a little more difficult to prune healthy rose stalks. Any cut should be made at an angle approximately a quarter-inch above the bud facing outside the stalk. You should cut until you get to the point where you can clearly see the inner white of the twig.
Pruning should start at the bottom of the rose bush and move upwards. Target any stalks that are thinner than other similar aged stalks, those that are old and any broken ones. If any suckers have managed to invade the bush, you must be careful not to just cut off the upper part of the sucker. You must follow each and ensure you have completely pulled it by the roots in order to prevent any re-growth. Once you are done with the cutting, coat the end of each cut with an appropriate sealant to prevent the entry of disease causing organisms on the exposed cut.
The quality of pruning you can eventually is closely tied to the quality of the tools you use. Make sure your tools are not only clean and but also sharp. Clean equipment will lower the risk of spread of plant diseases from one rose stock or bush to another during pruning. Pruning tools can be cleaned by a simple wipe after use with clean water and drying them with a cloth before storage.
However, if the tools came into contact with a diseased rose bush swab the tools with alcohol in order to sterilize them before their next use. Sharp tools on the other hand ensure that you achieve a clean cut in addition to helping you prune faster. Using blunt equipment will leave you with ragged edged stalks that can negatively affect how well the stalk eventually grows.