Jasmine is an ornamental flowering plant in the form of erect shrubs and trunks that live long. Jasmine is a genus of shrubs and vines of the olive tree family (Oleaceae). Comprised of about 200 species of plants native to the tropical and warm regions of Eurasia, Australasia and Oceania, jasmine is widely cultivated for its distinctive floral aroma.
In Indonesia, a type of jasmine has been chosen as a “national puspa” or national symbol flower, namely white jasmine (Jasminum sambac), because this flower symbolizes purity and purity and is associated with various traditions of many tribes of this country. This flower is an integral part of the decoration of the bride’s hair during the wedding ceremony of various Indonesian tribes, including Javanese and Sundanaise.
Another also popular type is jasmin gambier (J. officinal). In Indonesia, the name jasmine is known to all the inhabitants of the archipelago. The names of the regions for Jasmine are Menuh (Bali), Meulu or Riwat (Aceh), Menyuru (Banda), Melur (Gayo and Karo Batak), Manduru (Menado), Mundu (Bima and Sumbawa) and Manyora (Timor), Melati Salam (UMI), Malete (Madura) and Beruq-Beruq (Mandar).
In Italy, the jasmine casablanca (Jasminum officinalle), called Spanish jasmine, was planted in 1692 to be used as a perfume. In 1665, in England, white jasmine (J. Sambac) was grown, introduced by Duke Casimo of Medici. In 1919, J parkeri was discovered in the northwestern region of India, then cultivated in England in 1923.
Table of materials:
- Types of Jasmine
- Benefits of Jasmine
- Source of Jasmine
Types Of Jasmine
Jasminum polyanthum jasmine flower.
Of the 200 types of jasmine identified by botanists, only about nine types of jasmine are commonly grown and there are eight types of jasmine that may be ornamental plants. Most types of jasmine grow in the wild in forests because they have not revealed their economic and social potential. Jasmine plants, including jasmine tribe or Oleaceae
Types of jasmine flower include:
- Jasminum elongatum (Berg.) Willd. (forest jasmine: gambir, poncosudo; syn. J. multiflorum Bakh. no (Burm.f.) Andr.).
- Jasminum mensyi (Jasminum primulinum, jasmine primrose).
- Jasminum multiflorum (Burm.f.) Mr. Andr. (Star Jasmine, syn. J. pubescens Willd.).
- Jasminum officinale (jasmine casablanca, Spanish jasmine) is synonymous with J. floribundum – Jasmine grandiflorum). Shrubs up to 1.5 metres.
- Jasminum parkeri Dunn. (jasmine pot).
- Jasminum revolutum Sims. (Italian jasmine)
- Jasminum rex (king of jasmine, king of jasmine).
- Jasminum Sambac (L.) Aiton (White Jasmine, Puspa Nation)
- Jasminum simplicifolium (Australian Jasmine, J. volibile, Star Jasmine). Jasmine Hybrid. The flowers are pink and fragrant.
Benefits Of Jasmine Flower
Jasmine is useful for sowing flowers, perfume industry ingredients, cosmetics, perfumes, pharmaceuticals, floral compositions and tea blends or fragrances, such as jasmine tea, popular in Indonesia.
The flowers and leaves of some jasmine species are used to reduce or stop the release of breast milk, in the form of crushed flowers or leaf cataplasms attached to the breast.
Leaf cataplasms of several types of jasmine are used to treat ulcers and aches. These leaves are also used as mouthwash to treat thrush and gum swelling. A night of flower water used as a refresher to wash your face.
Root extracts from several types of jasmine are used to reduce fever. Jasmine root or flower immersion decoction is used to treat peparu inflammation, bronchitis and asthma. The crushed roots are made of cataplasm to treat sprains or broken bones. Dye (alcohol extract) J. sambac root has powerful properties such as sedativa, anesthetic and healing. Some types of jasmine are also planted to decorate the garden.
5 Interesting Facts About Jasmine Flowers
Flowers that are often considered something mystical in addition to its distinctive fragrance, but this flower also has many unique facts that you may not have known before. This flower, called in Latin Jasminum sambac, is indeed often used in various events, such as traditional events, weddings and even death. The following Bunga Nusantara summarized 5 unique facts about jasmine flowers.
- Did you know that this jasmine flower was one of Indonesia’s national flowers in the 1990 law?
- In addition to the charm of the beauty and beauty of the jasmine flower, it is also used as an anti-inflammatory and to relieve breathing. In addition to the Chinese who used to mix jasmine flowers in tea, also in Indonesia, jasmine tea has become a common thing.
- In a wedding, we often see jasmine buttons that have not blossomed and are used as ornaments attached to the bride’s head. In addition to this, the groom also pinned jasmine to the keris, which is called the intestinal bramble.
- This jasmine flower is also considered the symbol of a fallen hero to defend the nation and the state. This is indicated by the existence of a song called Patriotic Melati at the Border that was created by Ismail Marzuki in which the song describes this jasmine as a fallen hero on the battlefield.
- It turns out that this species of jasmine flower is native to South Asia (India). Then spreads to several regions such as the Malay Archipelago and eventually arrives in Indonesia.