Types of Flowers, Parts of Flowers and Their Functions

The definition of interest and its function – is one of the essential plants. Usually flowers are one part that serves to help the process of breeding in plants. Not all plants have this part, flowers only appear on plants that are a type of flowering plants. Each plant has unique and different flower shape, to complement the uniqueness of the plant. It is what makes interest much liked a lot.

Types of Flowers, Parts of Flowers and Their Functions
Types – Types of flowers

Table of contents definition of interest, parts – parts, types and functions:

  1. Part Flower
  2. The stem of the flower
  3. Flower Stalk
  4. The basic interest
  5. Protective leaf Parts
  6. Flower stem Leaf
  7. Petal
  8. Flower Crown
  9. stamen
  10. Putik Flowers
  11. Carpel
  12. Types – Types of flowers
  13. Complete interest
  14. Incomplete interest
  15. Perfect Flower
  16. Imperfect Flowers
  17. Function of the flower part
  18. Flower crowns
  19. Flower Stalk
  20. Flower function
  21. Biological function
  22. Non biological functions
Part of flowers
Part of flowers

Parts of Flowers

Flowers have some parts that compose flowers and decompile flowers as a key part of a flowering plant. Usually flowers have different flower stems and crowns in each type of plant.

  1. The stem of the flower

The initial part of the flower is the stem of the flower parent, this part is the continuation of a trunk or a tree branch and a plant to go to the flower.

  1. Flower Stem Parts

The flower stems are part of the parent stem of the flower and the base of the flower. This section is usually included in flower arranging, or when we do it for sale and in collections.

  1. The basic flower

The base of this flower has a function as a flower crown. In this section is the base of the flower and the tip of the flower stem.

  1. Protective leaf Parts

This part of the flower is different from the petals of the flower, this part is the last leaf to be the location of the growing flower. In other words, flowers will grow through part of this leaf’s armpit.

  1. Flower stem leaves

The leaves are at the base of the flower stalk. This leaf part is a leaf that serves as a protective leaf. This leaves can be seen because it looks from the outside.

  1. Petal

The flower petal is a protective flower when the flowers are still buds, and are protective of the flowers that have not been blooming perfectly. When flowers begin to blossom, the petals of the flower will be opened, and let the flower bloom. The petals of the flower will form as the base of the flower with the green color of the leaf when the flowers have been perfectly blooming. Any why flower petals become one of the most important parts of a flower.

  1. Flower Crown
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As at the beginning of this article, each flower has its own uniqueness and characteristics. It is characterized by different flower crowns. The flower crown is a part that is often a representation of the flower itself, has a bright and attractive color. It is also a major indicator of the beauty and beauty of the flowers.

  1. Stamen

The stamen is a part of the flower that has a function as a male genitals. stamen has pollen that can help plants to breed or reproduce. If the reproductive process runs perfectly then it will produce a new crop. The stamen consists of three main parts.

  1. Putik Flowers

Flower Putik acts as a tool of females in flower plants. On the base of the flowers, there will be seeds from a plant. The shape of the flower is like a bottle making it easier for flowers to keep the seeds well and away from parasitic and pest disorders. If the pistil meets the polleni it will produce seeds to grow new crops.

  1. Carpel

In the carpel there were fruit and seed seeds, because the carpel was a supporter of a macrospores. The seeds of the carpel have two nuclei, the ovum and the prospective institution. The prospective institution in this seed will grow into a new crop.


Types – Types of flowers

Part of flower and function
Part of flower and function

Each flower has a different caracteristic, with all the privileges that flowers have. If you look physically, flowers are differentiated into several types. This is influenced by the type of plant and environmental conditions where the flower is alive. Here are some of the flowers that you can find in general:

  1. Complete interest flowers
Growing Lilies flower
Growing Lilies flower

The complete flower is a flower that has all the parts that compose the whole flower. The full flower definitely has petals, crowns, pistns or stamen, and a perfect stem. Hibiscus flower, Lily is an example of some flowers that belong to the complete flower type

  1. Incomplete interest flowers
Cambodia flowers
Cambodia flowers

As the name suggests, the incomplete flower is a flower that does not have some part of the flower intact. Some flowers do not have petals, some flowers do not have crowns and some do not have pistid and pollen or a tool for breeding. Cambodian flowers and coconut blossoms are among the examples for incomplete flowers.


  1. Perfect Flower

The perfect flower has all parts of the flower fully and perfectly. The perfect flower has petals, crowns, pistals and pollen. Pollen and poetic flower in one flower is a very visible characteristic in the perfect flower, it causes the perfect flower is also called hermaphrodite.

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Rose flowers
Rose flowers

Why so, because the plant can do its own pollination without the pollen of the other flowers. Sunflowers, roses are some of the perfect flowers.

  1. Imperfect Flowers

Imperfect flowers are usually characterized by having only one part to multiply, if the flower has pollen then the dude does not have a putik. And in one tree or plant all his flowers like that, so it brings up the terms of male and female plants. It is commonly found in the type of Salak tree, which has an imperfect type of flower, so the Salak tree is often known as the term Salak Manly and also the female.


The function of the flower

Flower function
Flower function

The usual flower often we encounter everywhere turns out to have the function of every part of the flower. To keep the flowers looking beautiful, the parts of the flower participate have their own function to complement each other so that the flowers always look beautiful.

The flower section also has its own role, and the part that plays the natural development of breeding, there is a part that serves protect the other part, there is a function to attract bees to help pollination and so forth. The following are the functions of some of the previously mentioned flower parts:

  1. Flower Crown

Some important functions are on the crown of flowers, both for the flower, for the plant itself or for other living creatures, below are some functions of the crown of flowers.

As a part that can draw interest from insects and animals to help pollination:

  •     To attract prey (for a carnivorous type of flower)
  •     As an ornament on the garden and also yard home
  •     As a response sign of the efection or feeling one
  •     Sometimes it is also used to reflect one’s personality
  •     Can be an indicator of a plant’s health condition
  •     For dyes and also other purposes
  1. Flower Stalk

In addition to acting as a buffer of flowers, flower stems also have the following functions.

Helps to funnel nutrients from roots to flowers.

  •     Helps water absorption, so that flowers can stay alive, when already picked


Flower function



Flowers function Biologically If the function is related to the level of survival of flowering plants, breeding and others. And other functions as flowers are non biological if related to things that do not relate to the plant, health aesthetics and so forth.

  1. Biological function
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The main biological function of the flower is to multiply and keep the life continuity of the plant. In addition, flowers also have other biological functions, especially for the plant as a whole.

As a sexual organ, the flower is where the male gametes is also a female gametes in plants.

Every plant that has flowers will rely heavily on reproduction and also spread through the flowers.

As an organ to survive in a less profitable condition. This occurs, for example in plants that are commonly grown in dry locations, where the plant will form a flower when you water shortage condition.

To attract insects, to be willing to get on and help the process of pollination on flowers

To continue the process of breeding, because the flowers are also in the process of becoming a seed, which can then be replanted.

  1. Non biological function

Its non-biological function of flower is the function that the flower belongs to other living creatures, not just for the plant itself. Where the flowers can be useful for other living creatures.

  • To help repel mosquitoes and also irritate insects
  • As a nectar producer, it is needed by some insects as food, such as bees and also hummingbird.
  • As a therapeutic aroma, because some types of flowers have an alluring fragrance and are able to make the atmosphere more relaxed.
  • As an indicator that the health condition of a plant is good, because if the condition of the plant is not good, then usually the plant is not flowering.
  • As consumption when it is turned into a fruit form
  • As decoration in the yard
  • To beautify a room
  • As an accessory

Apparently flowers have a lot of role in the lives of living creatures, not just for the plant itself. So we also have to safeguard and preserve the existing environment and plants. For Ecosistem around us is not broken.

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