Types of Tulip Flower Garden Charming

Tulip is the genus name for 100 species of flowering plants belonging to the Liliaceae family. The Tulip originated in central Asia, growing wildly in the Pamir mountain range and the Hindu Kush Mountains and steppe in Kazakhstan. The Netherlands is famous as a tulip flower country. Tulips are also national flowers of Iran and Turkey.

Types of Tulip Flower Garden Charming

Tulip is an annual plant with a tuber height between 10 – 70 cm, the leaves are waxy, narrow-shaped elongated green bluish shades, and the flower is a large size consisting of 6 strands of crown leaves. The result is a single coloured flower, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, or a wide range of color combinations and gradations. Tulips produce dried round-shaped seeds that are wrapped in dry capsules.

As with roses, lilies, orchids and peonies, tulips are the most widely cultivated flower plants of mankind.

Scientific classification of Tulips:

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • (without taxon): Angiospermae
  • (without taxon): Monocotil
  • Order: Liliales
  • Family: Liliaceae
  • Subfamily: Lilioideae
  • Genus: Tulipa
Scientific classification of Tulips
Scientific classification of Tulips

Some tulip species:

  •     Tulipa acuminata
  •     Tulipa agenensis
  •     Tulipa armena
  •     Tulipa aucheriana
  •     Tulipa batalinii
  •     Tulipa bakeri
  •     Tulipa biflora
  •     Tulipa borszczowii
  •     Tulipa butkovii
  •     Tulipa carinata
  •     Tulipa celsiana
  •     Tulipa clusiana
  •     Tulipa cretica
  •     Tulipa cypria
  •     Tulipa dasystemon
  •     Tulipa didieri
  •     Tulipa dubia
  •     Tulipa edulis
  •     Tulipa ferganica
  •     Tulipa gesneriana
  •     Tulipa goulimyi
  •     Tulipa greigii
Tulipa kaufmanniana
Tulipa kaufmanniana


Tulipa Christmas Dream
Tulipa Christmas Dream
  •     Tulipa grengiolensis
  •     Tulipa heterophylla
  •     Tulipa hoogiana
  •     Tulipa humilis
  •     Tulipa iliensis
  •     Tulipa ingens
  •     Tulipa julia
  •     Tulipa kaufmanniana
  •     Tulipa kolpakowskiana
  •     Tulipa kurdica
  •     Tulipa kuschkensis
  •     Tulipa lanata
  •     Tulipa lehmanniana
  •     Tulipa linifolia
  •     Tulipa marjolettii
  •     Tulipa mauritania
  •     Tulipa micheliana
  •     Tulipa montana
  •     Tulipa orphanidea
  •     Tulipa ostrowskiana
  •     Tulipa platystigma
  •     Tulipa polychroma
  •     Tulipa praecox
  •     Tulipa praestans
  •     Tulipa primulina
  •     Tulipa pulchella
  •     Tulipa retroflexa
  •     Tulipa saxatilis
  •     Tulipa sharonensis
  •     Tulipa sprengeri
  •     Tulipa stapfii
  •     Tulipa subpraestans
  •     Tulipa sylvestris
  •     Tulipa systola
  •     Tulipa tarda
  •     Tulipa tetraphylla
  •     Tulipa tschimganica
  •     Tulipa tubergeniana
  •     Tulipa turkestanica
  •     Tulipa undulatifolia
  •     Tulipa urumiensis
  •     Tulipa urumoffii
  •     Tulipa violacea
  •     Tulipa whittalli
Tulipa Spring Green
Tulipa Spring Green


Tulipa praestans
Tulipa praestans

Types of garden Tulips

Types of garden Tulips
Types of garden Tulips

There are about a hundred different types of tulips that are often planted in gardens. If seen from the crown leaves, there is a tulip that has the leaves of the crown that is not open during bloom (still like locking), the crown leaves that are wide open during the bloom, the edges of the curved crown leaves, and the edges of the pointed crown leaves. When viewed from flowering time, tulips are classified as:

Early flowering Tulips

Early flowering Tulips
Early flowering Tulips

1. Single Early (the crown leaves in a layer, flowering earlier)

Flowers only have 6 crown leaves. Flowering in early April. This type is descended from the type ‘ Duke Van Thol ‘. Plants tend to be short, the height of the plant is about 20-30 cm. Examples: ‘ Apricot Beauty ‘ and ‘ Christmas Dream. ‘

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2. Double Early (layered crown leaves, flowering early)

Flowers have more than 6 crown leaves but fewer numbers than the Double Late type. The plant height is about 20-30 cm. Durable flowers and strong stems. Flowering in early April. It is a descendant of the ‘ Murillo ‘ tulip with white flowers, consisting of 120 cultivars. Examples: ‘ Peach Blossom ‘ and ‘ Monte Carlo ‘.

3. The Maniana

The type developed from the species Tulipa Kaufmanniana from Turkestan. This type of Tulip flowering very early, in Washington, D.C. is sometimes already flowering in early March. The trunk is short, the flowers are wide open in the sunlight so it looks like a hexagon star. Flowering in early April. The plant height is about 10-20 cm.

4. The Fosteriana

The type that is easy to breed, is a hybrid of the various tulips originating from central Asia. Flowering around early April. The plant height is about 25-51 cm. Example: ‘ Purissima ‘ (white) and ‘ Sweetheart ‘ (yellow with white on the edges of the crown leaves).


Blooming tulips are a bit slow

Blooming tulips are a bit slow
Blooming tulips are a bit slow

1. Triumph

This type is the result of Single Early hybrid with slow flowering types. The flower shape of the egg round is typical of Tulip, the trunk is strong and flowers can endure bad weather conditions. This type is widely used for cut flowers. The plant height is about 25-41 cm. Flowering in mid-April. These cultivars have a wide variety of colors, such as ‘ Negrita ‘, ‘ Kees Nelis ‘ (a mixture of red and yellow), ‘ White Dream ‘ (white), ‘ Prominence ‘ (red), ‘ Cairo ‘ (brown), ‘ Zurel ‘ (a mixture of purple and white), ‘ Gavota ‘ (dark red with yellow edges). One of the cultivars is using the name of a city in Indonesia which is Tulip ‘ Makassar ‘ yellow color.

2. Darwin Hybrid

This type was only known after the 2nd World War, a hybrid result between the large and ‘ Darwin ‘ Tulipa fosteriana. This type has a large interest rate compared to other types of tulips so it is often planted in flower gardens and produced massively as cut flowers. The cultivation is easy, has strong rod and virus attack resistance. The plant height is about 30-51 cm. Flowering in mid-April. The color variations of flowers are not too much, such as: ‘ Pink Impression ‘ (pink), ‘ Apeldoorn ‘ and ‘ Oxford ‘ (red). In addition, there are also other colors belonging to the descendants of ‘ Apeldoorn ‘ and ‘ Oxford, ‘ such as ‘ Golden Oxford ‘ (amber), ‘ Blushing Apeldoorn ‘ (yellowish orange), and ‘ Oxford Elite ‘ (orange with yellowish edges).

3. Greigii

It is developed from Turkestan’s Tulipa greigii species. The stem is sturdy, a medium-sized flower that is wide open in the sun shows the base of the old color to black. The leaves are distinctively patterned like stripes or shades of purple. Flowering in early April. The plant height is about 20-30 cm.

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Slow-blooming Tulips

Types of Tulip Flower Garden Charming
Types of Tulip Flower Garden Charming

1. Single Late (Crown-leaf, slow-blooming)

All cultivars of this type have a long and strong stem. This type is a collection of types such as ‘ Breeder, ‘ ‘ Darwin ‘ and ‘ Cottage ‘ whose distinctive features have been lost as a result of hybridization. The plant height is about 37-76 cm. Flowering in late April. ‘ Ile-de-France ‘ is one of the cultivars of this type that is flowering much faster than those of an earlier flowering. Examples: ‘ Pink Diamond ‘ (pink) and ‘ Queen of Night ‘.

2. Double Late (layered crown leaves, slow flowering)

This type has a title of Peony Flowered Tulip because it has flowers like peony flowers. The flowers are large with layered crown leaves. This type should be planted in a protected place because the large flowers do not withstand heavy rains and strong winds. The plant height is about 30-41 cm. Flowering in late April. This type has only a few cultivars, such as ‘ Angelique ‘ (pink White), ‘ Mount Tacoma ‘ (white), ‘ Ice Cream ‘ (the bottom of the pink, white top).

3. Lily-flowered Tulip

This type of stem is long and has flowers with the edges of the crown leaves that are torn and pointed like lilies. In ancient times, Tulip has a form of flowers like this. It originated from the species Tulip acuminata but has a strong stem. Popular as cut flowers. The plant height is about 36-76 cm. Flowering in late April. Example: ‘ West Point ‘ (yellow), ‘ Ballerina ‘ (orange), ‘ Marilyn ‘ (white with red brush strokes).

Tulipa pulchella
Tulipa pulchella

4. Fringed Group (crystal edge)

This type has the petals of the edges such as decorated crystals or tassels. Flowers look very beautiful and durable. The plant height is about 20-76 cm. Flowering in late April. Most tulips are a mutant of the Single Late. Tulip ‘ Crystal Beauty ‘ with red flowers is a mutant of ‘ Apeldoorn ‘ which forms a crystal-like decoration on the edge of the crown leaves. Tulip ‘ Barbados ‘ has a crown-leaf edge with decorations such as sharp tassels, while the crown-leaf edge of Tulip ‘ Royal Sphinx ‘ only has a tassel-tassel decoration very little to almost invisible. Other examples: ‘ Fancy Frill ‘ (pink) and ‘ Hamilton ‘ (yellow).

5. Viridiflora (Green Line)

This type of Single Late family has a green line on the leaves of the crown that starts from the base of the flower to the top edge of the crown leaf. Old and flower crops are often used for cut flowers. The plant height is about 41-61 cm. Flowering in late April. Examples: ‘ Spring Green ‘ (white striped green) and ‘ Greenland ‘ (pink striped green).

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6. Rembrandt

This type of descent from Darwin that changes its color is caused by several types of viruses. In the beginning, people did not know that colors that were fantastically like brush strokes were caused by viruses, so this type of Tulip traded at an insanely priced time in the 17th to 18th centuries. The original Tulip Rembrandt was no longer there and replaced the disease-free Rembrandt type. Flowering in late April. Cultivars are similar, for example: ‘ Bizarre ‘ and ‘ Ice Follies. ‘

7. Parrot

This type is known from the crown leaves similar to poultry feathers. The 99% Parrot type was a change from other types of tulips. It is said that there is a theory that the leaves of the crown like this are due to imperfect separation of crown leaves. The type now has a strong stem, while the type that existed in ancient times had a weak stem. The color can be different, but in the middle of the crown leaves there must be green spots. This type is highly vulnerable to bad weather and should be planted in protected areas. The plant height is about 31-41 cm. Flowering in late April. Examples: ‘ Flaming Parrot ‘ (yellow and red streaks), ‘ Estella Rijnveld ‘ (mixed in red and white) and ‘ Blue Parrot ‘ (dark blue Keungu-unguan).

Planting techniques

Tulips planting techniques
Tulips planting techniques

Tulips can not live in the outdoors of the tropics because it requires low temperatures in winter to be able to grow. Tulips can be forced to bloom faster than normal if placed in a place where the temperature is set to be higher.

Tulips can be planted in two ways, using bulbs or seeds. Tulips planted from the tuber take a year to produce enough flowers, while plants planted from seeds take between 5-7 years to bloom.

The flowers that have been finished bloom must be cut to get the tuber. According to the results of studies that apply only to tulips, if when the flowers have not bloom the bottom of the flower buds are pierced to the translucent with needles (eg sewing needles), ethylene gas will be produced by the injured flowers so that the blooming period of flowers becomes Longer. The same treatment if done to flowers that have bloom causes the blooming period to be even shorter.

Lily flowered tulip
Lily flowered tulip


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